Who is able to make an act of hope?
All the faithful who are still on earth.
Can the blessed in heaven make an act of hope?
No, for they have no longer the virtue of hope since they possess God (XVIII. 2).
Have the lost in hell the virtue of hope?
No, for God, who is the object of hope, is separated from them for ever (XVIII. 2).
Have the souls in purgatory the virtue of hope?
es; but for them an act of hope is not quite the same as for the faithful on earth; for although they do not yet possess God they no longer have need of His grace to merit heaven since they are sure of heaven, all sin henceforth being impossible to them (XVIII. 3).
Next - The Catechism of the Summa -SECOND SECTION - A DETAILED SURVEY OF MAN'S RETURN TO GOD -
VI. OF THE GIFT OF FEAR WHICH CORRESPONDS TO THE VIRTUE OF HOPE OF SERVILE FEAR, AND OF FILIAL (A)
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