Saturday, 31 March 2018

Please Pray for Ireland!

Please, please pray with me that the outcome of the abortion referendum in Ireland will be NO.
Abortion is the greatest form of genocide because it is the genocide of complete innocents. This referendum is the enemy’s will, not God’s, and our prayers and fasting can and will, make the greatest difference in rising against it! Please pray this prayer daily with me! We can't sit back and do nothing for our God.

O Mother of Salvation, pray for your children in Ireland to prevent the wicked act of abortion from being inflicted upon them. Protect their holy nation from sinking deeper into despair from the darkness which covers their country. Rid them of the evil one who wants to destroy your children, yet to be born. Pray that those leaders will have the courage to listen to those who love your Son, so that they will follow the Teachings of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

Mediæval Lenten Fasting Rules

I'm going to pin this to the top of the blog for the rest of the month, until Easter. Remember that Traditionally, Holy Saturday is a day of Fast and Abstinence!

And we think we have it tough! I abstain from meat every day in Lent that is not a Sunday or a I Class Feast. Also, even tho' I'm no longer bound to fast because of my age, I fast (using the 'modern', pre-Conciliar rules) on every Wednesday and Friday of Lent. I doubt I get much spiritual benefit from the fasting, however. Due to a wonky metabolism, I fast most other days of the year, as well. I'm not hungry in the morning, so I seldom eat breakfast. Since I'm a night person who sleeps into the late morning, breakfast and lunch tend to fall by the wayside. I eat a hearty supper, and then before bed, I have a light snack. Alas, the paucity of my meals seems to have no effect on my weight! 😄

From Dr Taylor Marshall

Medieval Lent was Harder than Islamic Ramadan

Ihave been told that medieval Christians would ridicule the Islamic season of fasting called Ramadan as weak, effeminate, and easy when compared to the austere Christian season of fasting during Lent or Quadragesima.
The Catholic Church has decreased the austerity of Lent over the centuries so much that Islamic Ramadan now appears as more challenging than Lent. Let’s take a look at Ramadan compared to Medieval Lent.

Rules for Islamic Ramadan:
  1. Duration? 29-30 days during the entire month of during the entire month of Ramadan.
  2. Fasting rules? Fasting completely from the break of dawn until sunset:
    1. food (zero calories and no food intake)
    2. drink (including water)
    3. sexual intercourse
    4. smoking

Rules for Medieval Quadragesima or “Lent”:

Nota bene: I’m using the standards of the Roman Church. The Eastern Churches have had various disciplines by jurisdiction. For this article, we are focusing only on the Roman rules. Perhaps we’ll study the Eastern fasting rules in a future post.
  1. Duration? 46 days. 40 Days plus 6 Sundays in the Roman Church.
  2. Fasting rules? Medieval Lenten rules (as described Saint Thomas Aquinas) were as follows:
    1. Ash Wednesday and Good Friday were black fasts: no food at all.
    2. No food from waking until 3pm (the hour when Christ died). This practice of fasting till 3pm goes back to the 5th century (see Socrates’ Church History V.22).
    3. No animal meat or fats (no lard).
    4. Fish was allowed. Click here to understand the theology of why fish was is allowed, but not meat.
    5. No eggs.
    6. No lacticinia or “dairy products”: milk, cheese, cream, and butter. However, Catholics of the British Isles before the arrival of Saint Augustine of Canterbury were still consuming dairy products and perhaps eggs during Lent. Roman influence brought this to an end.
    7. Wine and beer were allowed.
    8. Medieval Europeans during Lent subsisted on bread, vegetables, and salt.
    9. No sexual intercourse between spouses. Pagan kings were pretty pissed to learn about this after they married hot Catholic princesses.
    10. No Sundays off. All these rules apply for 46 days. The 6 Sundays in Lent were relaxed liturgically (less penitential), but the fasting and abstinence were not relaxed on Sundays.
    11. For the Good Friday black fast, many would begin fast from Maundy Thursday night till about noon on Saturday. The Easter Vigil was usually celebrated about noon on Saturday and this ended the Lenten fasting officially.
  3. Was it Changed?
    1. Breaking the no food fast before 3pm began to creep in as early as AD 800. The reason we English speakers call 12pm “noon” is because the liturgical recitation of nones (“ninth hour” or 3pm in Latin) was moved up by hungry monks more and more until nones(3pm) was celebrated as early as 12pm so that they could break fast and eat lunch!)
    2. In Germany, dispensations were given for consuming lacticinia or dairy products based on payment or performing good deeds. In honesty, wealthy people simply paid a fee to the diocese, and were allowed to serve and eat dairy in their homes during Lent. It was a popular “fundraising technique” by (German!) bishops.
    3. Dinner snacks were allowed at the time of reading Cassians book Collationes and so this snack became known as a “collation” – the term we still use today for a snack during fasting.
    4. With the advent of tea and coffee, it became allowable to have tea or coffee in the morning and this was considered as not violating the fast before nones.
    5. Over time, papal indults allowed meat on Sundays and then to other days of the week until only Friday remained “meatless.”
    6. Pope Paul VI’s 1966 Apostolic Constitution of Paenitemini changed Lenten practice to what it is today:
      1. No meat (only fish) allowed on Fridays in Lent.
      2. 1 meal and 2 collations (snacks) allowed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

Ramadan vs Medieval Lent:

  1. Both have no food at all until 3pm (Catholic) or sundown (Muslim).
  2. Both have no sex allowed at all, but the Muslim is allowed at night.
  3. Only the Catholic is restricted on kinds of food (no meat, dairy, eggs), whereas the Muslim can eat steak every night.
  4. Muslims may not drink even water during the daylight, but Christians may.

Conclusion: Medieval Christians were Tough

For the Medieval Christian, he would have seen the chief difference between Lent and Ramadan as the Muslims having a “reset” every single night with refreshment with food and sex every 24 hours. Whereas the Christian had to wait until Easter. The Muslim had daily sprints. The Medieval Christian had a marathon that ended on Easter.
You can leave a comment by clicking here.
So could you do it? No sex, butter, or bacon for 46 days? No food daily till 3pm? Leave a comment and tell me what you think about this old Lenten rules. Is it good or bad that changed them?
You can leave a comment by clicking here.

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Russell Kirk at 100

I am still, slowly, working my way through Dr Kirk's 'The Conservative Mind', which he wrote, and his 'Portable Conservative Reader', which he selected and edited. There is so much dense political philosophy in both that they are not 'light reading' by any means! However, I highly recommend both. 

Here is an appreciation of Dr Kirk, written by Bradley J. Birzer, Mr Birzer has read 'all of Kirk’s published books, articles, and reviews, as well as his private correspondence and papers', so he is well suited to write on Dr Kirk.

From The American Conservative

In an age of crass politics, remembering the man who laid American conservatism's roots.

Wisdom from an Anarcho-Libertarian Agnostic!

Does history record any case in which the majority was right?

Heinlein, Robert A.. The Notebooks of Lazarus Long (Kindle Location 265). Kindle Edition.

Whenever women have insisted on absolute equality with men, they have invariably wound up with the dirty end of the stick. What they are and what they can do makes them superior to men, and their proper tactic is to demand special privileges, all the traffic will bear. They should never settle merely for equality. For women, “equality” is a disaster.

Heinlein, Robert A.. The Notebooks of Lazarus Long (Kindle Locations 416-419). Kindle Edition.

Chevalier Charles Coulombe on 'Medieval Feudalism = Slavery + the Mafia?'

A wonderful video attacking what C.S. Lewis and his friend, Owen Barfield, called 'chronological snobbery' and modern attitudes toward the Middle Ages.

The Levels of Argument

A graphic illustrating the 'levels of argument' from best on the top to worst on the bottom. I think the pyramid outline is deliberate, as the difficulty rises the better the arguing technique becomes. Name calling is quite easy. Argumentum ad hominem only a bit less so, but to actually refute the central point of your opponent's argument can be quite difficult. It is, however, what we should all strive for in disputing with liberals, socialists, republicans, modernists and fascists.


Food For Thought-Kyrie Eleison

A meme and a song to encapsulate the degradation of society over the past few generations. Kyrie eleison! Lord, have mercy!

A History of Distributism

A very short history of Distributism, by one of the leading Distributists of the UK. It is important to realise that, when Mr Cooney uses the term 'Third Way' to describe Distributism, it has nothing to to do with the neo-fascist 'Third Way' or Third Position' of the modern alt-Right or la nouvelle droite. It was a term used by past Distributists to illustrate that Distributism was an alternative to both capitalism (as generally understood) and socialism in all its varieties. The term is still used, but with a modifier, as in the 'Just Third Way' blog (link in the sidebar, as well) of the Global Justice Movement.

From The ChesterBelloc Mandate

by Anthony Cooney

Adapted from an address to the Third Way International Conference, London 16 October 1994, by Anthony Cooney, Editor of the Liverpool Newsletter.
I have been asked to speak today on the History of Distributism. If I were to contain myself to a narrative history, I think that that could be disposed of in short order. G.K's Weekly was launched in 1925, and the Distributist League was founded in 1926. Its chief activity, according to its critics, was holding monthly meetings at Devereaux, where Distributists drove down in their motor cars to discuss the abolition of machinery!

G.K. Chesterton's contribution was the editing and financing of GK's Weekly. The value of that journal is not to be underrated. It influenced the thinking of a number of MPs ranging from high Tories such as Anthony Fell to honest Labour men such as Simon Mahon. Perhaps the greatest success of GK's Weekly was the exposure of the Mond Turner plan to govern Great Britain by a Fasces of bankers, industrialists and TU bosses, and reduce Parliament to a committee which receives reports. This plan was rejected by an altered House of Commons.

After GK's death in 1936 his paper became The Weekly Reviewand continued publication until 1948. Assigned to expose the "clandestine Fascists" who published that paper, Douglas Hyde, the news editor of The Daily Worker, was converted by it to both Catholicism and Distributism. Distributism also played a part in the conversion of Hamish Frazer, a member of the Communist Party's National Executive and a former Commissar of the International Brigade. It is perhaps noteworthy that both Bob Darke, a leading London Communist, and Jimmy Reid (of Glasgow shipyard fame) adopted Distributist ideas upon becoming disillusioned with Communism.

In 1948, The Weekly Review became a monthly, called - in reminiscence of Cobbett - The Register. When that too folded, Mr. Aidan Mackey gallantly launched a little monthly, called first The Defendant and later The Distributist. It became a quarterly in 1957, and ceased publication in 1959. It seemed that Distributism had at long last been carted off to the boneyard of history.

Except for one thing. In 1954 a small group of Liverpool subscribers to The Distributist launched a duplicated magazine called Platform. They even took their Distributism to the polls, contesting seats for the Liverpool City Council. In January 1960, after the folding of The Distributist, the Platform became Liverpool Newsletter and has been published continuously ever since.

That then is the history of Distributism to date, a tale soon told, which looks forward to a brave sequel.

However, I think you expect something more than a mere chronicle. Distributism is not a series of events, it is an idea, and the history of ideas is always complex.

The first thing to understand is that the idea of Distributism existed long before the word was invented. As Sagar says in his little booklet Distributism:
The immediate point here, however, is that is seemed such a normal thing that men did not think of naming it until it had been destroyed. Even then only a few men saw it so clearly as to think it worthy of a particular name.
We might claim that the first Distributist was Aristotle. Rejecting the communism of Plato's Republic, he argues in his Politics that:
Property should be in a general sense common, but as a general rule private...In well-ordered states, although every man has his own property, some things he will place at the disposal of his friends, while of others he shares the use of them.
We could say that the first Distributist law was that decree of the Roman Senate which provided that a retired Legionary should not be granted more land than he and his family could farm.

We might argue that Wat Tyler was the first English Distributist; leading a peasants' revolt against the re-imposition of feudal dues by the great magnates, who needed the money to pay the usurers' interest.

I think, however, that in modern times we must name he whom Chesterton called:
The horseman of the Shires, The trumpet of the Yeomanry, The hammer of the Squires
...the first exponent of what we now call Distributism - William Cobbett, one of the greatest of Englishmen. Ruskin also belongs to us. His Guild of St. George was the first practical attempt to establish and defend small-holders and master-craftsmen. William Morris's Arts and Crafts Movement, although calling itself Socialist, had much the same idea. To these might be added those practical working men of Halifax and Huddersfield who saw that they could never be free men whilst they lived in tied cottages, and who started the first Building Societies to make themselves freeholders. We may also cast our net to take in the founders of both the Consumer and Industrial Co-operative Movement.

All these many strands were brought together at the beginning of the century by A.R. Orage in the National Guilds Movement, which sought to establish ownership by Gilds of workers on the Medieval model. It was in Orage's New Age that Chesterton and Belloc first expounded the ideas which were to become known as Distributism, and it was in those pages also that the historic meeting between Distributism and Social Credit took place. Orage described its impact in an article in The Commonweal of 17/2/1926:
The doubts that haunted me regarding the practicability of National Guilds were concerned with something more important than the viability of the idea...Somehow or other it would not work in my mind...the trouble was always of the same nature - the relation of the whole scheme to the existing, or any prospective system of day there came into my office...a man who was destined to affect a beneficent revolution in my state of mind, Major C.H. Douglas.
Douglas has also written of the relationship between Distributism and Social Credit:
It is profoundly significant that what is now called Socialism and pretends to be a movement for the improvement of the underprivileged, began as something closely approaching the Distributism of Messrs. Belloc and Cheserton, of which the financial proposals embodied in various authentic Social Credit schemes form the practical mechanism, although developed without reference to it (Distributism). It (Socialism) was penetrated by various subversive bodies and perverted into the exact opposite of Distributism - Collectivism.
It seem to me to be axiomatic that distributed ownership cannot survive, much less co-exist, with a centralised system of debt-finance, as Belloc also
recognised when in the Essay on the Restoration of Property he wrote:
It is of no use attempting to restore the institution of property here in England now until we have given the small owner some power of reaction against this universal master.
Belloc indeed was here repeating the warning given by Pius XI in his sequel to Leo XIII's famous encyclical Rerum Novarum:
In the first place it is patent that in our days not wealth alone is accumulated but immense power and despotic economic domination are concentrated in the hands of a few...This domination is most powerfully exercised by those who, because they hold and control money, also govern credit and determine its that no one can breathe against their will.
I would only add here that the means to break the Monopoly of Credit are those proposed by C.H. Douglas, to which Orage gave the name Social Credit.

Distributism, as Belloc insisted, places great emphasis upon the land, and upon the widespread distribution of ownership of land. That being so, it had, inevitably, a close association with the "Back to the Land" movement; and with organic husbandry. Distributists were Greens before anyone dreamed of that label.

What then is Distributism? First of all it is not a programme or a scheme put the world right overnight. It is not a quick fix to all our problems.

Distributism is the POLICY of a PHILOSOPHY. That may not leave you much wiser at first hearing, for like all organic things, Distributism demands study before it yields understanding. We can ask three questions of any organisation or group which is pursuing an idea:

WHAT? WHY? HOW? What do you want to do?

Why do you think it is a good thing?

How are you going to do it?

The answer to the question What? will reveal a POLICY - action directed toward particular objeectivves.

The answer to the question Why? will describe a PHILOSOPHY - a way of seeing the world, a way of seeing man, a viewpoint of reality.

The answer to the question How? will be specification of METHODS for realising the policy.

It is important to understand that every policy is derived from a philosophy. Behind every course of action we observe there is a viewpoint of Reality; a belief in how things should be. If a group is dedicated to getting people to go to Church, they are not doing that because they are Atheists; they are doing it because their viewpoint is that "reality is the Christian viewpoint". If a group are promoting class hatred, they are not doing that because they are unpleasant people - they are doing it because their viewpoint of reality is akin to the Marxist viewpoint. The Philosophy which generates the Policy may be, and often is, hidden; further, a Philosophy may generate more than one Policy, and Policy may be realised by more than one method.

A policy is the application of a philosophy to the world we live in. It is up to Distributists to devise the methods, in response to ever changing circumstances, by which the policy may be realised.

One statement of Distributism as a policy is that contained in the encyclical letter of Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum, which simply means "of new things". Leo XIII first states that the right to property derives not from any man-made law or human convention, but from the Law of Human Nature. It resides in the nature of language and its future tense, that man is the only creature who is both aware of the future and who can structure it through language. Because of this man can provide not only for his own future, but for that of his children and his childrens' children, by bequeathing property. Property, Leo XIII says, is proper to man.

The encyclical then examines the "new things", Capitalism and Socialism. Capitalism is found to be an abuse of Property, a deprivation of the many by the few. It has imposed a yoke little better than slavery.

It is significant that the language used to describe Capitalism is far stronger than that used to denounce Socialism, though Socialism is also denounced. It is not merely an abuse of, but is contrary to Natural Right. Leo XIII concludes his examination of Socialism with a prophetic warning of the misery it will bring upon Mankind if it is imposed.

What then is the solution to the problems created by these "new things"? Leo XIII says that there is a way that accords with the Law of Human Nature, a proper way, and that way is to achieve widespread ownership of property - ideally by every family in the land.

This is what he says:
We have seen therefore that this great labour question cannot be solved save by assuming as a principle that private ownership must be held sacred and inviolable. The law, therefore should favour ownership, and its policy should be to induce as many as possible of the people to become owners...if working people can be encouraged to look forward to obtaining a share in the land, the gulf between vast wealth and sheer poverty will be bridged...A further consequence will be the greater abundance of the fruits of the earth. Men always work harder and more readily when they work on that which belongs to them; nay, they learn to love the very soil that yields...not only food but an abundance of good things for themselves and those who are dear to would cling to the country of their birth, for no-one would exchange his country for a foreign land if his own afforded him the means of living a decent and happy life. These important benefits however can be reckoned on, only provided that a man's means be not drained by excessive taxation. (para.35)
It was Rerum Novarum which inspired Belloc to begin his search for a new solution to old problems. It is our good fortune that in company with two men of genius and a score of others of exceptional ability, he found it. It is called DISTRIBUTISM or THE THIRD WAY.


IN LUMINE FIDEI: 22 MARCH – THURSDAY IN PASSION WEEK: Epistle – Daniel iii. 34‒45 In those days, Azarias prayed to the Lord, saying: “Lord our God, deliver us not up forever, we beseech y...

22 March, A Chesterton Calendar

MARCH 22nd T

here is no clearer sign of the absence of originality among modern poets than their disposition to find new topics. Really original poets write poems about the spring. They are always fresh, just as the spring is always fresh. Men wholly without originality write poems about torture, or new religions, or some perversion of obscenity, hoping that the mere sting of the subject may speak for them. But we do not sufficiently realize that what is true of the classic ode is also true of the classic joke. A true poet writes about the spring being beautiful because (after a thousand springs) the spring really is beautiful. In the same way the true humorist writes about a man sitting down on his hat because the act of sitting down on one’s own hat (however often and admirably performed) really is extremely funny. We must not dismiss a new poet because his poem is called ‘To a Skylark’; nor must we dismiss a humorist because his new farce is called ‘My Mother-in-Law.’ He may really have splendid and inspiring things to say upon an eternal problem. The whole question is whether he has. Introduction to 

‘Sketches by Boz.’

Chesterton, G. K.. The G. K. Chesterton Collection [50 Books] (Kindle Locations 43813-43822). Catholic Way Publishing. Kindle Edition. 

23 March, The Roman Martyrology

March 23rd anno Domini 2018 The 6th Day of Moon were born into the better life: 

The Festival of the Seven Dolours of the most blessed Virgin Mary.
In Africa, the holy martyrs Victorian, Pro-consul of Carthage, and two brethren from Aquae Regiae, also two merchants, both named Frumentius, all in the persecution by the Vandals, were, [as writeth the African, Victor, Bishop of Utica] on account of the steadfastness of their Catholic confession, put to the most grievous torments under the Arian king Hunneric, and gloriously crowned, [in the year 484.] 
Likewise in Africa, the holy martyr Faithful there also holy Felix and twenty others. 
At Caesarea, in Palestine, the holy martyrs Nicon, [a Neapolitan,] and ninety-nine others. [All suffered at Taormina, in Sicily, under Decius.] 
Also the holy martyrs Domitius, [a native of Phrygia,] Pelagia, Aquila, Eparchius, and Theodosia, [under Julian the Apostate.] 
At Lima, [in the year 1606,] in the kingdom of Peru, holy Turibius, Archbishop of that see, by whose work the faith and discipline of the church were spread abroad in America. 
At Antioch, the holy Priest Theodulus. 
At Caesarea, the holy Confessor Julian. 
In Campania, the holy monk Benedict, who was shut up by the Goths in a glowing furnace, but upon the morrow was found unhurt, [in the year 550.] 
V. And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.

Memes of the Day

Wednesday, 21 March 2018

Just Sayin'

Perry Weismiller, 11 February 1910-10 August 1952, Rest in Peace, Dad!

Pictures of my Father, Perry Weismiller. He died just a month after I turned five, and my Sister, Marlene, was only ten days old. I have very few memories of him, but I remember that when he went to hospital the last time, he told me he wouldn't be coming home. He knew he was dying.

He was a proud working man, who seldom wore anything other than 'work clothes'. He didn't like to visit his Sister, my Aunt Dora, because she expected him to wear slacks and a sports shirt at the very least, when he came to her house.

He spent much of his adult life as a truck driver. On one occasion he was pulling a tanker full of gasoline. As he crossed the old Schroyer bridge over the Big Blue River in Marshall County, Ks, just as the rear wheels of his tanker-trailer came off the bridge, the structure collapsed! Here he is in front of one of the trucks he drove.

He was also what we might call, today, a 'motor head', very interested in cars. Here he is proudly posing with one of his. I can't see enough of it to identify make or model, but I know that he owned a Model-A Ford, and this might be it.

Here he is as a proud member of the United States Army. He didn't volunteer because he assumed he would be rejected on physical grounds. However, when he was called for the draft, he was accepted. When he came home from the physical, he told my Grandmother, 'Mama, Hitler must be winning the War. They just took me.

He trained at Sheppard Field in Wichita Falls, TX, which was the US Army Air Force Training Centre. He was then posted to Hq&Hq Sqdn, 8th USAAF, in High Wycombe, Bucks, England, where he met my Mother. His MOS was 'Driver, Light', which meant he was an officers' chauffeur. During his active service, he was General James 'Jimmy' Doolittle's driver when Gen. Doolittle commanded the 8th, and on one occasion, drove General Eisenhower when Ike visited what is now RAF High Wycombe.

And here he is with me! I even recognise where this picture was taken. He's sitting on the foundation of my Grandmother's house. I used to play in the shed you can see to the right. Years later, my Uncle Glen built a garage between the house and the shed.
Rest in peace, Dad, You are gone, but never forgotten!

Chevalier Charles Coulombe on 'Should the Pope Call a Crusade?

The Chevalier's answer is a hearty, 'Yes', as would mine be. However, he then points out the problems, the biggest being that a Crusade is begun by a Papal call on the Princes of Christendom to war against the infidel. Where is Christendom today?

Government Will Pay for Disabled Man’s Assisted Suicide, But Not for Independent Living Services

Canada under Trudeau (Liberal) and Ontario under Kathleen Wynne (Liberal). Tommy Douglas, the man who introduced Medicare in Canada, beginning in Saskatchewan when he was Premier thereof, was a devout Christian. I am certain he is spinning in his grave to see the evil abomination his plan has become under the liberals and their master, Satan!

From LifeNews

Will euthanasia be about money? Does CNN hate Donald Trump?
In 2008, two Oregon terminally ill patients on rationed Medicaid were denied coverage for life-extending chemotherapy, but received letters from administrators offering to pay for their assisted suicides.
Now, a Canadian man with serious disabilities has been refused coverage for independent living services — but offered payment by Canadian Medicare for the costs of obtaining a lethal jab. From the CTVNews story:
Foley’s request to the Centre for Independent Living in Toronto (CILT), where he was directed to apply, was denied last year. Foley asked for a review of that decision, but his lawsuit alleges that the review process has been delayed multiple times as the CILT defaulted on deadlines.
So he hired lawyer Ken Berger.
“We don’t really understand why it’s not being solved and why we’ve had to file this lawsuit for Roger,” Berger, who specializes in health law, told CTV News. “We really didn’t want to reach this stage, but we were left with no alternative.”
According to Foley’s statement of claim, the only two options offered to him have been a “forced discharge” from the hospital “to work with contracted agencies that have failed him” or medically assisted death. Refusing to leave the hospital and unwilling to die by a doctor’s hand, Foley claims he has been threatened with a $1,800 per day hospital bill, which is roughly the non-OHIP daily rate for a hospital stay.
Can you imagine the screaming if a private health-insurance company were alleged to have forced these alternatives to a man with disabilities wanting independent living assistance? The screaming would be heard in China.
But this is socialised single-payer socialism. So, expect a much more muted response.
Coercion to “choose” assisted suicide/euthanasia will come in many guises. This is one of them.
Those with eyes to see, let them see.

St. Thomas and Chesterton on Law, Human and Divine

An article discussing two of my heroes, the Angelic Doctor and the stouter half of the Chesterbelloc! What more could a man ask? That it be written by a fine scholar of Distributism? It is!

From Homiletic and Pastoral Review

Both St. Thomas and Chesterton were aware that human laws do not always conform to the natural and eternal laws.