How many kinds are there of these movements of the heart? There are eleven (XXII. 4).
What are they called?
Their names are: "love," "desire," "delight" or "joy"; "hate," "abhorence," "sadness," "hope," "courage," "fear," "despair," and "anger" (XXII. 4).
Do these movements of the heart occupy an important part in man's life?
Yes, these movements of the heart occupy a very important part in man's life.
Why is it that they occupy a very important part in man's life?
Because in man there is a twofold nature: rational and sensitive; the sensitive nature is the one that is moved first by the action of the external world in the midst of which we live and from which we derive even all the data of our rational life.
Are not then the movements of the heart or the passions always, of themselves, bad?
No, the movements of the heart or the passions are not of themselves always bad.
When are these movements of the heart or the passions bad?
When they are not in accord with the rulings of right reason.
And when are they not in accord with the rulings of right reason?
When they bear towards a sensible good or withdraw from a sensible evil by forestalling the judgment of the reason or by coming into play contrary to this judgment. (XXV. or XXIV. 3).
Next - The Catechism of the Summa - The Second Part: VII. OF THE AFFECTIVE MOVEMENTS IN MAN WHICH ARE CALLED THE PASSIONS (C)