Thursday, 26 December 2019

The Catechism of the Summa - SECOND SECTION - A DETAILED SURVEY OF MAN'S RETURN TO GOD - XIX. OF PARTICULAR JUSTICE, AND OF ITS SPECIES: OF DISTRIBUTIVE AND OF COMMUTATIVE JUSTICE

Does particular justice comprise several species?

Yes, it comprises two species: distributive justice and commutative justice (LXI. 1).
 
What is distributive justice?

It is that species of particular justice which safeguards fairness in the relations that exist between the society and the individuals of which the society is composed (LXI. 1).
 
What is commutative justice?

It is that species of particular justice which safeguards fairness in the relations of men with each other in the same society (ibid.).
 
If one considers the individual members of a society as parts ordained to the whole, what kind of justice safeguards fairness between the individuals and the society?

This is the great virtue called legal justice (LXI. 1, Obj. 4).

Next - The Catechism of the Summa - SECOND SECTION - A DETAILED SURVEY OF MAN'S RETURN TO GOD - XX. OF THE ACT OF COMMUTATIVE JUSTICE, VIZ., OF RESTITUTION (A)

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